The impact of the hottest technical barriers to tr

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The impact of technical barriers to trade on the packaging industry (Part I)

with the acceleration of economic globalization and trade liberalization, tariff and non-tariff measures are increasingly restricted and constrained. However, technical trade measures with technical regulations and technical standards as the main content have become the most common and difficult trade barriers, and have become an important means for countries to protect their own industries and promote the development of foreign trade. With the rapid development of China's foreign trade, China's export products are facing increasing technical barriers to trade. Relevant studies show that the direct and indirect impact of foreign technical barriers on China's exports exceeds 45billion US dollars, accounting for more than 25% of the total annual exports. In terms of packaging, according to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce, China's export commodities worth nearly 24billion US dollars each year are affected because they fail to meet the packaging requirements of foreign developed countries, Therefore, it is of great significance to strengthen the research on technical barriers to trade and take corresponding countermeasures to break through technical barriers and promote the development of China's foreign trade by interpreting the brand concept of "love" carried by the testing machine

1 embodiment of technical barriers to trade in packaging; BT means that a country takes some mandatory or non mandatory technical measures to carry out relevant technical, health quarantine, commodity packaging and label certification for foreign imported commodities on the grounds of maintaining national security, ensuring human health and safety, protecting the ecological environment, preventing fraud and ensuring product quality, so as to improve product technical requirements, increase import difficulties and finally achieve the purpose of restricting imports. It has the characteristics of legitimacy in form, universality in content and concealment in protection

tbt is a system, which is mainly reflected in the packaging and label requirements. The packaging containers and packaging materials shall not cause harm to the safety of users or consumers, and shall not cause damage to the environment

for example, in the United States, in addition to requiring imported food to meet HACCP and IS09000 series standards, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also has many labeling regulations. For example, the FDA recently issued the food allergy labeling guidelines, which stipulates that food processing enterprises must clearly and accurately mark the ingredients of food, especially the ingredients that are easy to cause allergic reactions, on the food labels, and must also use simple, easy to understand and detailed words. For another example, in the aspect of drugs, FDA regulations stipulate the certification packaging, labeling, and testing methods of various drugs one by one, and even the warning words on over-the-counter drugs and devices have specific requirements

another feature of the US regulations on packaging labels is the decentralization in the implementation process. The federal government is responsible for formulating some mandatory standards, and the occupational safety and health administration, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the environmental protection agency, the Department of Commerce, the energy efficiency standards agency, etc. have issued their own regulations. For example, more than 20 states in the United States require food to be marked with production date, but so far there is no unified and widely accepted date marking system. These uncertainties make it more difficult for China to enter the export market

many other countries have very specific requirements for food packaging. For example, according to the provisions of EU food regulations, the design of food packaging patterns must be consistent with the content, and things that are not in the food ingredients cannot appear on the patterns. For example, there is no lobster meat in the lobster slices. If the red shrimp graphic is printed on the packaging box, it will play an objective role in deceiving consumers. This phenomenon is not uncommon in our country's food packaging patterns

EU countries attach great importance to environmental protection, and extend environmental protection provisions to all levels of import packaging, requiring that commodity packaging and its contents shall not cause damage to human health and the environment. For example, it is required that the high melting point process in the production process of iron nails shall not be applied to the packaging cartons of EU exported products. It is required that the nailing and sealing cartons shall use adhesives instead of plastic tapes to facilitate the recycling of cartons and reduce environmental pollution

the directive of the European Parliament and the Council on packaging and packaging waste treatment (94/62/ec) of the European Union requires that the minimum recycling rate of packaging materials is 50% and the minimum recycled packaging waste is%. Such high environmental protection requirements are a big restriction on imports from developing countries

some EU countries jointly declare aviation alloy powder projects for 3D printing to importers; There are detailed provisions on the packaging materials and containers that become the qualified supply goods of AVIC 351 factory. If the packaging used for the imported goods is too large compared with the packaged goods, it will be considered as having the tendency of fraud and will increase the environmental protection burden of the importing country. The most typical package in China is a kind of American ginseng. The box is very large. Obviously, there are only four small ginseng buccal tablets. It is necessary to pack it into two packages, which are wrapped inside and outside in plastic bags and small cartons. This is not enough. It is also necessary to pad it with foam plastic, and then put a large package box with exquisite printing on the outside. When you open it, the actual content is only a thin layer, and the volume of the commodity is less than 1/100 of the package. There is no doubt that the export of such goods to the EU will be restricted

(to be continued)

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